Expectations After Minimally Invasive Lung Cancer Surgery

When cancerous cells are identified within your lungs, a surgeon will try to remove the tumor through surgery. Depending on the stage of the disease and its location, the surgeon will perform a wedge resection, lobectomy (removal of a lobe), or pneumonectomy (removal of the entire lung).

Traditionally, these surgeries were accomplished through thoracotomy – or, opening the chest. The doctor would make a long incision (up to ten inches) beginning in the back and crossing over to the patient’s side. The ribs needed to be removed or spread in order to provide the surgeon access to the site. The process is physically traumatic and requires a lengthy recovery time.

Over the past decade, surgeons have increasingly relied on minimally invasive techniques to perform the same operations. While a pneumonectomy still requires open-chest surgery, wedge resections and lobectomies can be accomplished through video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Below, we’ll describe the aftereffects of using VATS to treat lung cancer.

Same Operation, Different Approach

It’s important to realize that surgeons who use VATS are performing the same operations that were traditionally accomplished by opening the chest. The difference is, they are using much smaller incisions to access the site and remove diseased tissue. A camera is inserted through one of the incisions while surgical tools are inserted through the others. The doctor inspects the site on a video monitor while guiding the tools to perform the resection or lobectomy. There is no need to spread the ribs or cut through the muscles.

Advantages Of Minimally Invasive Wedge Resections And Lobectomies

There are several benefits to using VATS because the procedure is far less traumatic to the patient’s body. There is less chance of bleeding and infection that is characteristic of open-chest surgery. There is also less postoperative pain for the patient as she recovers. Patients who undergo lung cancer VATS surgery will often enjoy better lung function and more stamina than those who undergo traditional thoracotomy. And because VATS resections and lobectomies do not require cutting through muscles and bone in order to reach the diseased lung tissue, shoulder function is less impaired.

Faster Recovery

Thoracic surgery usually requires up to eight weeks of recovery time. Patients will stay in the hospital for up to ten days before being released and returning home. Patients who undergo minimally invasive lung cancer surgery can often be released from the hospital after one or two days. Depending on their preoperative condition, many resume their normal daily activities within seven to ten days.

The minimally invasive procedure requires more time to perform than traditional thoracotomy. Surgeons take great care to move muscles out of the way rather than cutting through them to gain access to the cancerous lung tissue. While VATS is currently limited to wedge resections and lobectomies, it may one day be possible to use similar technology in performing pneumonectomies.

Causes And Prevention Of Gum Disease

Periodontal disease or Gum disease ranges from gingivitis, which is a simple inflammation of the gums to a more serious form of the disease that causes major damage to the bone and soft tissue that support the teeth.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

The bacteria and other particles present in the mouth combine each other, forming a colorless, sticky plaque on the teeth. If this plaque is not removed by regular brushing and flossing, it can harden and form bacteria-harboring stubborn tartar, which is difficult to remove and requires professional treatment.

Gingivitis: When plaque and tartar are left on the teeth for extended periods of time, they tend to become more harmful and cause the gums to become inflamed, resulting in the condition known as ‘gingivitis’. In gingivitis, the gums bleed easily and become swollen and red. At this stage it can still be reversed by brushing and flossing daily and regular check ups and cleaning by a dental hygienist or a dentist.

Periodontitis: If left untreated, gingivitis could lead to periodontitis, wherein the gums form infected pockets and pull away from the teeth. The plaque rapidly spreads below the gum line and the immune system of the body releases enzymes to prevent infection. The reaction between these enzymes that are helping fight the infection and the bacterial toxins that are present break down the connective tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place. if not treated in time, the gums, bones and connective tissue that support the teeth get destroyed. Eventually the teeth may become too lose and may have to be removed.

Risk Factors of Periodontitis

Smoking is one of the major risk factors associated with the development of periodontitis. Smoking also reduces the efficacy of some treatments. Stress, diabetes and certain other illnesses including AIDS and cancer use up valuable infection-fighting resources of the body, making it more susceptible to periodontal disease. Certain medication including antidepressants and certain heart medicines lessen the flow of saliva thus leaving the teeth unprotected and more susceptible to developing periodontitis.

How to know if you have periodontal disease

Unfortunately symptoms of periodontitis often go unnoticed until such time that the disease is quite advanced. Some of the symptoms include persistent bad breath, swollen or red gums, sore or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, acute pain while chewing and prematurely loose teeth. Any one symptom or a combination of two or more symptoms could indicate a serious problem, and should be checked by a dentist as soon as possible to prevent any further decay.

How to prevent periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is almost always preventable with proper care and a strict dental hygiene routine. In the early stages, it is also reversible. Some of the things you can do in order to prevent periodontitis include brushing your teeth well and flossing at least two times a day, using fluoride-containing toothpaste. A balanced diet is also a major factor in helping keep periodontal diseases at bay. Avoiding the use of any tobacco products also helps prevent peroiodontitis. Regular check-ups and cleaning by a dentist will keep your teeth at their healthiest best.

How Can An Urologist Help You Treating Urologic Cancer?

Urology is the branch of medicine that deals with ailments related to urinary tracts of males and females and reproductive system of only males. An urologist is a person who is trained in the field of urology and can treat any related disease.

This article would discuss about urologic cancer. It involves cancer of kidney, prostate, bladder and testicles. Among these, prostate cancer is the most common in men. 1 of every 50 men will face prostate cancer, as per records. Bladder cancer, on the other hand, is the fourth most common cancer in women. Testicular cancer is another cancer that is very common in young men. Embarrassment and denial makes this the least mentioned cancer.

Bladder cancer – A bladder wall is lined with transitional cells and squamous cells. Most of bladder cancers originate in the transitional cells. It is called transitional cell carcinoma. If the cancer cells are restricted to the lining of the bladder, it is called superficial bladder cancer. The cancer that starts with a tumor growing through the bladder lining is known as the invasive cancer. This type of cancer is pretty dangerous as it may infect the surrounding organs like uterus or vagina (in women) or prostate gland (in men). Common signs and symptoms include blood in urine, painful urination, frequent urge of urination, etc. severe symptoms include benign tumors, stones in bladder and infections. Physical examination and urine test can successfully diagnose bladder cancer. Treatment options for bladder cancer include surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy and radiation therapy.

Prostate cancer – Prostate cancer typically affects men older than 65 years. Prostate cancer, in its initial stage, does not produce any sign and symptom. With progression, a prostate cancer can show up signs and symptoms like frequent urge of urination, trouble with commencing urine stream, burning sensation during urination, blood in urine, back pain, pelvis or hips, and a feeling that the bladder has not emptied completely. The two most popular tests that help in diagnosis of prostate cancer are digital rectal exam (DRE) and prostate-specific antigen test (PSA). On diagnosis of prostate cancer, a doctor can successfully prescribe a treatment option.

Testicular cancer – This cancer is completely curable if diagnosed timely. This happens mostly to young men. Symptoms usually include painless lump, swelling in testicle, heaviness in scrotum, pain in scrotum, a dull ache in groin or lower abdomen. Blood test and ultrasound are helpful in diagnosing testicular cancer. After diagnosing cancer, doctor prescribes the best possible treatment option like surgery or radiation therapy.

You should never neglect the signs of urologic cancer and consult a good urologist. Greenbelt citizens can seek expert help from Murdock Urology Association.

Kidney Cancer and my life after Surgery

It was the 1st of October of 2009, when I received my Kidney Cancer diagnosis. Just shortly before that, I got really scared when I saw dark red blood while I was urinating. I picked up the phone right away and made an appointment with an Urologist. Since we both speculated that I probably had kidney stones, I was sent to get a CT-Scan to get clarity.

We were wrong. The CT-Scan revealed a large mass in my left kidney. On November 30th, my kidney was removed via a “laparoscopic robotic radical nephrectomy” – the entire removal of the organ using a minimally invasive technique and the assistance of a surgical robot.

I’d like to tell you a little bit about how I feel now, two weeks after my surgery.

To my surprise, I am doing very well and I can’t complain. Apparently, it’s too early at this point to start working out again. I also have to be careful with lifting up heavy items, or just in general all activities that could put strain on my abdomen. But what I really couldn’t understand at first: the doctors told me, that I will have no or only very limited dietary restrictions.

Considering that an entire organ was just removed from my body, I would have thought that there was some sort of adjustment period. But I really can’t feel any difference at all. I was told that I could eat and drink whatever I want. Only foods high in potassium or produce high levels of uric acid, I was advised to consume in moderation only.

Well, I personally have a slightly different take on that. First of all, I don’t eat meat at all. I was never a big meat eater to begin with and started completely staying away from any kind of meat shortly after my wife was diagnosed with breast cancer. I also don’t eat any sweets, I never had a sweet tooth, so that’s no real sacrifice for me. And as for the alcohol, I stopped drinking completely as of February of this year.

Only a year ago, I had my blood and urine checked after I had to see my doctor because of joint pain I had encountered periodically. He diagnosed me with gout. My body was unable to discharge the excessive amounts of uric acid that were produced in my kidneys. Gout attacks are very painful. And I think only the stent that was put inside of me during a Cystoscopy, caused me more excruciating pain.

So I had the choice – staying off of anything that produces high levels of uric acid or to continue suffering from gout attacks. Apparently, this was a no brainer. Instead I joined my wife in living as healthy as possible. Very little processed food only, a lot of green and leafy stuff, green vegetable smoothies with some fruit, veggie juices made of locally grown organic produce, grains like millet, amaranth, brown rice pasta, etc.

I still do eat ridiculously big amounts of food and I probably will do so for the rest of my life. Nonetheless, since we only eat good quality stuff with a low glycemic index, I lost a good amount of weight and I am now in the ‘ideal range’ again.

Well, I guess the point is: I feel good and the only thing I miss at this point is to work out again. That, though, is not possible, yet, because it would be certainly detrimental to my recovery process.

The bottom line is: I am fine.

The Long Term Risks Of Heartburn

Do you suffer from heartburn? Besides the obvious discomfort, heartburn can lead to more serious health risks. Long term damage of acid reflux or heartburn can lead to a condition known as Barrett’s esophagus.

Barrett’s esophagus is a digestive disorder in which the normal healthy white lining of the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach, known as the esophagus, is damaged and replaced by an abnormal red lining called specialized intestinal metaplasia. This happens because of stomach acid that leaks back into and irritates the esophagus. This acid damage is also referred to as heartburn, GERD, and acid reflux. Acid reflux is a result of stomach acids used to digest foods coming back into the lower esophagus area. This occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter muscle gets weakened or functions improperly. The burning sensation is due to the fact that the esophageal lining is unable to withstand the rising acidic levels.

Barrett’s is an uncommon health condition, only about 5 percent of people with GERD develop Barrett’s esophagus. However, if Barrett’s is diagnosed, there is a 30- to 125-fold increased risk of developing esophageal cancer. The cancer can spread to lymph nodes and other organs. Esophageal cancer arising from Barrett’s esophagus can lead to the second fastest growing type of cancer in the United States. The scary thing is that Barrett’s esophagus itself does not cause symptoms. The heartburn or acid reflux that causes Barrett’s esophagus results in symptoms of chest pain or indigestion.

One of the most important things you can do to prevent your Barrett’s esophagus from turning into cancer is to manage your heartburn. The allopathic treatment for heartburn usually involves taking antacids. Antacids are usually taken 30-60 minutes after eating. Prescription drugs have also been shown to control acid reflux. If you suffer from this condition, be sure to ask your physician what your best options would be for treating problem. Many also choose to seek natural cures for treating acid reflux. Some popular treatments include digestive enzymes at the beginning of meals, chewable calcium tablets, and herbal combinations including marshmallow root, DGL, and aloe vera.

Be sure to call your health care provider if heartburn persists for longer than a few days, or you have pain or difficulty swallowing. Also, call your provider if symptoms worsen, do not improve with treatment, or if new symptoms develop in a person with Barrett’s esophagus. Diagnosis and treatment of acid reflux may prevent the onset of Barrett’s esophagus.

Lipomodelling Few Guidelines For Breast Augmentation Surgery

How Successful Are The Guidelines For Breast Surgery?

All cosmetic surgeries depends on how the fat is harvested, refined and grafted on the body and hence there has been improvements in the techniques every year and this lipomodelling is extensively used and applied in reconstruction aesthetic procedures, following the breast cancer surgery or treating any congenital breast deformities and finally for breast augmentation. The Food and Drug Administration has led down some guidelines to be followed by the surgeons while performing the surgery to avoid any unsatisfactory complications post operation or even during the surgery, which are as follows:

 Technique’s current status
 The aesthetic goals desired by the patient
 The requirements for safe and error free operation

What Are The Indications For Breast Surgery

There are some indications by which a person can understand if there is a need for breast surgery or not, and few of the indications are detailed below for the candidates to understand and identify with their requirements or needs.

 Indications for Breast Cancer Surgery and Reconstruction

* When one needs correction of asymmetrical defects following a wide local incision with or without radiotherapy.
* To improve the soft tissue coverage, followed by a breast implant reconstruction.
* Breast Augmentation by autologous fat for adding volume and refinement.
* Replacement of the previous implant for breast restoration.

 Indications For Congenital and Acquired Abnormalities

* To improve the secondary correction of contour defects or volume asymmetry.
* To correct the deformity and abnormality in the chest including Pectus excavatum and Poland’s syndrome in males.
* To correct the breast abnormalities like female Poland’s syndrome, tuberous breasts and developmental asymmetry.
* To correct the contour irregularities after the post operative suboptimal surgical treatment as in like for Gynaecomastia.

 Indications For Aesthetic and Cosmetic Enhancement

* To improve the volume problem after the breast reduction surgery and correct the contour as well or mastopexy.
* To camouflage the rippling in the breast implants after the breast augmentation.
* Aesthetic breast enhancement with fat transfer.
* The capsular contracture

Why Guidelines Have Been Laid Down?

This lipomodelling is a new technique in the breast surgery where the clinicians and hospitals are applying this in their technique to augment the breast to achieve contoured, natural looking breasts without any irregularities visible. The main object of the surgery is to minimize the clinical risk and cut down the surgical risks as well, and to avoid any complications, some guidelines have been laid down to follow a standard procedure which are as follows:

* Should possess a good background theory and knowledge, including indications and complications.
* Practical and Surgical skills.
* A team should be there for Arrangements for supervision, assistance and mentoring during the surgery.
* A multitasking approach should be taken as a whole-team approach including skilled stuff.
* The surgeon should be board certified by the American Board of Specialties (ABMS) to avoid any error in the operation.

Benefits of Colon Cleansing – What Are They?

Many have come to realize, albeit late, that colon cleansing not only improves your health, but is also an affective way of preventing a host of illnesses. The human body is exposed to numerous health challenges at this age and time; our foods are thick with sugar and our environments are full of contaminants fitting all sorts of descriptions. Toxins without numbers therefore accumulate in your colon alongside undigested food making us prone to various infections.

A colon cleanser’s cleansing agents is composed of detoxifying agents, which like white blood cells in the blood, fight the toxins that might have found their way from whatever part of the body to the colon. The detoxifying agents eliminate the toxins before washing away the accumulated junk. This is known as colonic irrigation.

Colon cleansing reduces constipation to a greater degree. In case you are on a poor diet that lacks nutrients that are very important to the normal function of the body system, then the walls of your intestines will eventually accumulate substances detrimental to your health. Colon cleansing allows for a free flow of the accumulated wastes when it is done properly.

Colon cleansing is also an effective way of eliminating diarrhea, a situation brought about by toxins that destabilize the waste solidification process. The process of colon cleansing surely gives enormous results.

Another well known benefit of colon cleansing is that, it helps in prevention of colon cancer. A systematic colon cleansing, say, at least once every year, would be an excellent preventive step even if there has been a history of colon cancer in your family tree.

The most noticeable benefit of colon cleansing is weight loss. Though different people have different weight loss experiences with some claiming up to 15 pounds weight loss, the average weight loss is about 4 pounds. However, it’s nothing to worry about since an effective colon cleansing process involves flushing away stagnant fecal debris out of your system.

There are numerous other benefits of going through a colon cleansing process. If administered effectively , you will have a clear skin, improved absorption of vitamins and minerals from food, increased energy levels, relief from various illnesses like body odors, fatigue, allergies, hemorrhages, digestive anomalies, stress, knee pains, back and muscle ache, poor eyesight, sinusitis, bad breath and so on.

After going through the colon cleansing processes, people have reported greater alertness, joy and incredible insight while the elderly have reported a dramatic relief of pains in their back, joints and chest.

Taking care of your colon is not as difficult many people think. There are numerous ways you can use to effectively cleanse your colon. Such methods include: colon hydrotherapy, colonic fasting diets, laxatives and other nutritional supplements. For very fast and effective colon cleansing, it’s advisable to use oxygen based cleansers.

As human beings living in an adversely polluted world, we cannot expect our body system to work effectively when the colon, the body’s sewerage system, is chocking with wastes of every description.

The Power of Figs for Health

Figs are one of the most nutritional fruits that you can eat. In ancient times, figs were known to be great for giving the youth more power and strength, for helping long-term sick people get well, and for helping old people feel rejuvenated and have less wrinkles.

Figs are high in fiber and will help to nourish and stimulate a persons’ digestive system. The particular fiber in figs also helps diabetic patients to achieve better insulin control.

Of all the fruits, the figs are the one of the highest in minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, copper, and manganese. These types of minerals in a natural plant form will help people to have stronger bones and nerves.

The minerals copper and manganese will also help to retain natural hair color and slow down the graying of hair. There are also elements in figs that help the elderly to look younger with the natural wrinkle-reducing properties.

There are phenols in figs which are powerful antioxidants to help fight off the effects of free radicals. This helps people to have power against cancer and other diseases.

They are usually a bit expensive, so if you can grow a fig tree in your yard, it would be a great benefit to you and your family.

The figs grow in pairs and hide among the large fig leaves. The riper the figs, the more powerful the phenol amount becomes.

You can cut little fig pieces and add them to a salad or you can mash or blend them and use them as a substitute for oil in baked goods. An added benefit of doing that is the natural sweetness of the figs.

You can also just eat them as they are. However, after you eat three or four, they start doing something to your tongue, which makes it uncomfortable to eat any more.

Fig Newtons might be thought of as a way to eat figs, but eating Fig Newtons oftentimes turns people off to the whole fig-eating idea. They do not taste very good in Fig Newtons., blech! And, they are cooked with lots of unhealthy additives mixed in. Yuck!

However, you can mash the fresh figs up or blend them in a food processor. The fresh pulp can make a tasty, nutritious spread for toast or crackers.

Figs are not a very common fruit to buy. You may have to special order some at your local grocer or check in the refrigerated section of the health food store near you to find out when they will have some.

You can always get some that have been dehydrated. They will usually be available at the health food store dehydrated or refrigerated.

The dried figs will tend to be more potent in nutritional properties and fiber. Eating figs will be a great boost to your health.

What Is Heartburn? Definitions, Root Causes, Perils And Remedies

What does Heartburn Signify? It is a Sign of DANGER. Find Out How to Identify and Treat Your Heartburn the PROPER Way.

The cause of heartburn is refluxed gastric acid that enters the esophagus and then inflames the lining. This leads to the familiar symptom of heartburn as the throat or chest area discomforting burning feeling, produced either when eating a meal or afterwards.

This distressing and painful complaint is frequently encountered by inhabitants of western countries. This may not mean that you have a medical problem, if as a healthy individual, you get occasional heartburn. However, upon heartburn becoming persistent, it can lead to a situation of acid reflux disease, also called GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disease).

GERD symptoms can go beyond just heartburn. They can also show up as regurgitation, attacks of asthma, chest pain, hoarseness and dry coughing, as well as yet others.

Medical research done in the recent past shows a connection between GERD and cancer of the esophagus. This justifies the need to treat acid reflux in a timely and effective way. GERD can occasion even further suffering if it is neglected and left untreated, possibly being transformed into yet more serious problems.

Some causes cannot be treated or managed, an example being the inherited characteristics that lead to the complaint of heartburn. Other causes may be interlinked, such as bad sleep hygiene, an overly stressful lifestyle, accumulation of toxins, Candida infections and poor diet plans, which can all either directly or indirectly provoke acid reflux. To effectively treat GERD, it is crucial to recognize and treat the underlying reasons of this medical impairment.

To fight heartburn, there are three major types of treatments that a sufferer has available. Medications constitute the first category, whether these are prescription or over the counter. Regrettably, such medicaments are only a short-term answer and may also provoke undesirable side effects. Examples for acid reflux alleviation are H2 blockers, antacids and PPIs. These products concentrate on diminishing the symptoms of GERD by balancing out or diminishing the production of stomach acid.

The next category for tackling acid reflux is surgery. There are however serious inconveniences to this second category. Surgery is intrusive and can therefore cause health complications. It only addresses the physical cause of heartburn (a weak sphincter), doing nothing to resolve the underlying causative agents that are really responsible for the problem. Surgery’s goal is to reinforce the sphincter muscle that seals off the stomach from the esophagus to prevent gastric acid from going back into the esophagus. When GERD starts, it is typically because this sphincter is not shutting correctly, this allowing gastric acids escape in the reverse direction towards the esophageal cavity.

The third eventuality for heartburn patients is the holistic, all natural approach. This approach is the most efficient and the most effective, as it is the only one to combat the internal malfunction in a holistic way, while at the same time eliminating the symptoms and regaining your body’s natural internal equilibrium. It is possible to heal GERD effectively, permanently and safely through the adoption of a program specifically made to target the root causes of acid reflux.

Gynecologists and What They Do

Gynecology is a varied specialty, with doctors seeing patients both in the office as well as in the operating room. Gynecologists often start out practicing obstetrics as well as gynecology, but stop doing obstetrics when their patient population starts aging or when they get tired of being called out in the night to delivery babies. Like all gynecologists, Hot Springs gynecologists treat only women.

Gynecologists treat problems with female reproductive organs, which include the breasts, uterus and vaginal tract. A gynecologist may also treat urinary problems such as recurrent urinary tract infections, but generally doesn’t treat problems related to the kidneys. Although gynecology specialists perform surgery, they usually do not treat breast cancer or other cancers that require chemotherapy and treatment beyond surgery.

Gynecologists may specialize in infertility, treating patients with medications that help them ovulate normally or performing in vitro fertilization or other assisted reproductive technologies. In most cases, gynecologists who specialize in reproductive medicine take additional training, called a fellowship, after their gynecology residency to become a reproductive endocrinologist.

Gynecologists perform one of the most common surgeries in the United States, the hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus. They may also do surgery to remove cancers of the cervix or cancers of the vagina or vulva. Doctors in this specialty may also treat women who have ovarian cysts, which can cause not only pain but can become life-threatening if they rupture.

Women’s doctors also treat several chronic disorders that can cause infertility as well as pain. Treatment of endometriosis, the spread of endometrial tissue to areas outside the uterus, also falls under gynecology treatment. Gynecologists also treats women with polycystic ovary disease, a hormonal disorder that can lead to infertility as well as abnormal menstrual cycles, weight gain, acne and other signs of hormone imbalance.

This type of surgeon also handles many repairs related to childbirth and pregnancy. Many women develop issues such as prolapsed uterus or fistulas, abnormal openings between the vagina and rectum after difficult deliveries.

Many doctors who practice gynecology are women; many women feel more comfortable seeing a female practitioner. A woman’s doctor is often the one who diagnoses sexually transmitted disease and prescribes medication for it. Women see their doctors regularly for pap smears and breast exams as well as for prescription for birth-control pills and to be fitted with intrauterine devices that prevent pregnancy. A gynecologist may also prescribe hormone replacement therapy for women going through menopause and having symptoms that make their daily life difficult.